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Anatomy & Physiology

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Introduction
While there are many websites available on-line for the enhanced study of Anatomy and Physiology, often those vast choices of links are not appropriate to what we study here at SCC. The following links, therefore, are an attempt to preview many of the available sites and to specifically recommend those that directly tie into our community college courses of BIO 168, BIO 169, and BIO 163. By directly clicking on the links below, users will be directed to the specific animation or tutorial exercise.

NOTE:   If you are having difficulty with loading or viewing animation viewers, then go to the end of this document  for advice. Some of the tutorials listed below require clicking the Next or Play button to see in their entirety.

Introduction to A&P:

Scientific Method -A website that illustrates the scientific method and provides support through each step

Scientific Method - Another website about the scientific method including a flow chart, animation, and quiz 

Surface terminology

Body Planes

Positional Terminology

directional terms: http://www.wiley.com/college/apcentral/anatomydrill/t01/at0111_1.htm

9 regions of abdominopelvis:          

http://www.wiley.com/college/apcentral/anatomydrill/t01/at0116_1.htm

Chemistry of Life:

Basic atomic Structure A video about basic atomic structure

Lipids
 

Structure of  Fats:  http://www.hhmi.org/biointeractive/obesity/obesity_molecular/01.html

Visualizing Atoms Binding in Carbohydrates:        

        http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QckfYvIlVu4&feature=channel

Visualizing Fatty Lipids:     http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3xF_LK9pnL0

Visualizing Proteins     http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w-ctkPUUpUc

                                           http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iaHHgEoa2c8

                       http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fvBO3TqJ6FE&feature=fvw

                       http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lijQ3a8yUYQ&feature=related

Enzyme - Substrate Binding                                                               

                                   http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ms_ehUVvKKk&feature=related

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kgR44SXom5Y&feature=related

Denaturing of Proteins

DNA molecule, Portion of a DNA molecule

Structures of ATP and ADP

CELLS:

Translation - This website contains good illustrations of translation, three animations, and a quiz

Osmosis and Tonicity -  A McGraw Hill animation that explains osmosis and tonicity

Generalized view of a body cell

Plasma Membrane components review

               Cell Level View   http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1B4F2V0_yYg&feature=related

               Crossing the  Membrane   http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1B4F2V0_yYg&feature=related

Mitosis --  click on the “Animation” tab

Cilia and Flagellary  Motions, using microtubules.

Cellular Transport Mechanisms

Membrane Channels animation

Protein Synthesis   (overview  section, omitting the detailed molecular mechanisms)

Crenation and Hydrolysis

DNA   (--a NOVA site)

DNA coiling

The Central Dogma

               DNA Structure    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qy8dk5iS1f0&feature=related

              Central Dogma:  DNA to proteins … 

                                          http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D3fOXt4MrOM&feature=related

                 Translation of mRNA to protein    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D5vH4Q_tAkY

                 Mitosis   http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2WwIKdyBN_s&feature=related

Do you know the structure of the 4 nucleotide bases??  Play this fun video game!!

“How Cells Divide:  Mitosis and Meisos”  (--a NOVA site)

“How Cancer Grows”

Cloning the Insulin Gene:  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AEINuCL-5wc&NR=1

TISSUES:

Integument - A website about the organization of the epidermis and dermis

Histology Practice 

More Histology Practice Problems - Great website with histology practice problems
 

Histology   http://www.gwc.maricopa.edu/class/bio201/Histology/HistoRev0a.htm

Stem Cells and Differentiation 

Simple Membrane components—a review

INTEGUMENT:

Components of the integumentary system

Strata  layers—a review exercise

Skin Repair    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fAOti396K_4&NR=1

BONE TISSUE:

Osteon : http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4qTiw8lyYbs&feature=PlayList&p=EA509020AEFC5BA1&index=1

Ossification:  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X6E5Rz9tOKE&feature=PlayList&p=EA509020AEFC5BA1&index=0

Bone Pathologies

SKELETON:  

Review of entire skeleton system 

Skull

Skull, Anterior view

Skull, Right lateral view

Skull, Sagittal section

Ethmoid bone

Skull, Inferior view

Sphenoid bone, Anterior view

Mandible

Paranasal sinuses

Nasal septum

Cervical vertebrae

Vertebral column, Anterior view

Vertebral column, Right lateral view

Structure of thoracic vertebra, Superior view

Structure of a  thoracic vertebra,  articulated vertebrae

Sacrum and coccyx

Skeleton of thorax

The structure of ribs

Right pectoral (shoulder) girdle, Anterior view

Right pectoral (shoulder) girdle, Posterior view

Right scapula (shoulder blade), Posterior view

Right upper limb

humerus, Anterior and Posterior views

Right ulna and radius, Anterior and Posterior views

Articulations formed by the ulna and radius, Medial view

Articulations formed by the ulna and radius, Lateral view

Articulations formed by the ulna and radius, Inferior view of distal ends

Right wrist and hand in relation to the ulna and radius

Hand Bones

Bony pelvis

Right hip bone, Detailed lateral view

Right lower limb

Right femur in relation to the hip bone, patella, tibia, and fibula

Right tibia and fibula in relation to the femur, patella, and talus, Anterior view

Right foot, Superior and Inferior views

The arches of right foot

Bone Repair     http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qVougiCEgH8&feature=related

JOINTS:

Structure of a typical synovial joint             

Right shoulder (humeroscapular or glenohumeral) joint, Anterior view

Right shoulder (humeroscapular or glenohumeral) joint, Frontal view

Right elbow joint, Medial aspect

Right elbow joint, Lateral aspect

Right hip (coxal) joint, Anterior view

Right hip (coxal) joint, Frontal section

Right hip (coxal) joint, Posterior view

Right knee (tibiofemoral) joint, Posterior deep view

Right knee (tibiofemoral) joint, Sagittal section

Right knee (tibiofemoral) joint, Anterior deep view

MUSCLES:

The muscle cell-fiber

Myosin-Actin  sliding filament model.

Sliding Filament model.

Organization of skeletal muscle and its connective tissue coverings

Structure of the neuromuscular junction (NMJ)

The Neuromuscular Junction

Origin, Insertion, Action, and nerve of Muscles

Muscle Location Practicum   

Principal superficial skeletal muscles, Anterior view (Part 1)

Principal superficial skeletal muscles, Anterior view (Part 2)

Principal superficial skeletal muscles, Posterior view (Part 1)

Principal superficial skeletal muscles, Posterior view (Part 2)

Muscles of the facial expression, Anterior superficial and deep views

Muscles of the facial expression, Right lateral superficial view

Extrinsic muscles of the eyeball

Muscles that move the mandible

Muscles that move the tongue

Muscles of the floor of the oral cavity and front of the neck

Triangles of the neck

Muscles of the male anterolateral abdominal wall

Muscles used in breathing, as seen in male, Anterior superficial view

Muscles used in breathing, as seen in male, Anterior deep view

Muscles of the female perineum

Muscles of the male perineum

Muscles that move the pectoral (shoulder) girdle

Muscles that move the humerus (arm), Anterior deep view

Muscles that move the humerus (arm), Posterior superficial view and Posterior deep view

Muscles that move the radius and ulna (forearm)

Muscles that move the radius and ulna (forearm)

Muscles that move the wrist, hand, and digits, Anterior superficial and deep views

Muscles that move the wrist, hand, and digits, Posterior superficial and deep views

Intrinsic muscles of the hand

Muscles that move the vertebral column (backbone), Posterior view

Muscles that move the vertebral column , Posterolateral view

Muscles that move the vertebral column Anterior view

Muscles that move the femur  Anterior superficial view

Muscles that move the femur , Anterior deep view

Muscles that move the femur Posterior superficial view

Muscles that act on the femur (thigh) ,  Transverse section of thigh

Muscles that move the foot and toes, Posterior deep and superficial views

Muscles that move the foot and toes, Anterior and Right lateral superficial views

Intrinsic muscles of the foot

NEURAL TISSUES:

Nervous System: Action Potential Quiz

Action Potentials and the nervous System Cartoon

Structural classification of neurons

Transmission across the Synapse

Salutatory Conduction

Harvard site - synapse action between neurons.  Afterwards, you can select to view how nicotine, heroin, etc. affects the synapse activity.

understanding dopamine

understanding alcohol effect on neurotransmitters in the brain.

CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM:

Gross anatomy of the spinal cord

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7sdO7N64AHE&feature=related

            Gross anatomy of the spinal cord

Internal anatomy of the spinal cord and the spinal nerves

Posterior view of entire spinal cord and portions of spinal nerves

Internal anatomy of the spinal cord: the organization of gray matter and white matter

The locations of selected sensory and motor tracts, shown in a transverse section of the spinal cord

           Branches of a typical spinal nerve  

Brachial plexus in anterior view, Distribution of nerves from brachial plexus (Part 1)

Brachial plexus in anterior view, Distribution of nerves from brachial plexus (Part 2)

Lumbar plexus in anterior view, Origin of lumbar plexus

Lumbar plexus in anterior view, Distribution of nerves from the lumbar and sacral plexuses

Sacral plexus in anterior view

Cervical plexus in anterior view

Brain Anatomy  http://www.gwc.maricopa.edu/class/bio201/brain/BrainModelMap.htm

http://www.gwc.maricopa.edu/class/bio201/brain/brshpx.htm

                Nice overview of the brain, along with aging and Alzheimer’s views.

Brain regions.

Review of brain regions.

Sagittal section of brain, medial view

The protective coverings of the brain

Location of ventricles with a "transparent" brain

Pathways of circulating cerebrospinal fluid, Sagittal section

Pathways of circulating cerebrospinal fluid, Frontal section

Medulla oblongata, Interior aspect of brain

Internal anatomy of the medulla oblongata

Midbrain, Posterior view of midbrain (Part 1)

Midbrain, Posterior view of midbrain(Part 2)

Cerebellum, Superior view

Cerebellum, Interior view

Cerebellum, Midsagittal section

Thalamus, Right lateral view showing thalamic nuclei

Hypothalamus, Sagittal section

Cerebrum, Superior view

Cerebrum, Right lateral view

Basal ganglia, Lateral view of right side of brain

Basal ganglia, Anterior view of frontal section

Components of the limbic system and surrounding structures

Functional areas of the cerebrum

Development of the brain and spinal cord, 3-4 week embryo

CSF flow:  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SDMO4vYkqdg&feature=related

Cranial nerves:  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BAgcnIpTFTY&feature=related

Summary of Cranial Nerves

Electrode stimulation of motor cortex- fun

Prions --  fascinating enrichment beyond course

Peripheral Nerves:

PNS:  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CECXTZHM7aI&feature=fvw

Reflex Arc Components

Internal anatomy of the spinal cord and the spinal nerves

Posterior view of entire spinal cord and portions of spinal nerves

Internal spinal cord: the organization of gray matter and white matter

The locations of selected sensory and motor tracts

Branches of a typical spinal nerve

Distribution of nerves from brachial plexus (Part 1)

Distribution of nerves from brachial plexus (Part 2)

Lumbar plexus in anterior view, Origin of lumbar plexus

Distribution of nerves from the lumbar and sacral plexuses

Sacral plexus in anterior view

Cervical plexus in anterior view

Sensory receptors in the skin and subcutaneous layer

Two types of proprioceptors, Muscle spindle

Two types of proprioceptors, Tendon organ

Somatic sensory pathways, Posterior pathway

Somatic sensory pathways, Anterolateral pathway

Autonomic plexuses in the thorax, abdomen, and pelvis

SPECIAL  SENSES:

Eye:  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_pCaTw3h0Qs&feature=PlayList&p=EB49B7F64E7DB185&playnext=1&playnext_from=PL&index=3

Eye Tutorial is very good, but quiz at the end seems faulty, so ignore that

Photoreceptor physiology:  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AuLR0kzfwBU&feature=related

Accomodation:  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p_xLO7yxgOk&feature=PlayList&p=EB49B7F64E7DB185&index=4&playnext=2&playnext_from=PL

Lens correction:  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AsKeu4wm3XI&feature=related

Olfactory epithelium and olfactory receptors

Enlarged aspect of olfactory receptors

 Dorsum of tongue showing location of paillae and taste zones

Accessory structures of the eye

Accessory structures of the eye, lacrimal apparatus

Gross structure of the eyeball(Part 1)

Gross structure of the eyeball (Part 2)

Structure of rod and cone photoreceptors

Structure of the ear

The right middle ear 

The right internal ear

Semicircular canals, vestibule, and cochlea

Semicircular canals, cochlea of the right ear, vestibulocochlear (VIII) nerve

Location and structure of receptors in the maculae

Location and structure of the membranous semicircular ducts & crista

tutorial animation for the EAR structures.

Well-done:  Cochlear response to pitch differences.

Cochlear implant:  http://www.medmovie.com/1133fda/FDA_CochlearImplant.html

Rhodopsin conformational change to light stimulus (hit the light switch to view)

Basic taste overview.

Taste buds structure, with simple quiz self-check at the end.

Brief overview of smell perception.

Touch perception.

CARDIAC SYSTEM

Structure of the heart: surface features, Anterior external view

Structure of the heart: surface features, Posterior external view

Structure of the heart: internal anatomy

Coronary (cardiac) circulation,  coronary arteries

Coronary (cardiac) circulation, coronary veins

Histology of cardiac muscle, Cardiac muscle fibers

Histology of cardiac muscle, Cardiac myofibrils

Heart Anatomy:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H04d3rJCLCE&feature=related

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rguztY8aqpk&feature=related

http://www.gwc.maricopa.edu/class/bio202/Cardiovascular/models/hartint0.htm

http://www.gwc.maricopa.edu/class/bio202/Cardiovascular/models/anthrt.htm

Heart Valves      http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rguztY8aqpk&feature=related

Cholesterol and its role and transport

The Heart and Circulation

Cardiocyte Contractions:           

EKG        http://www.gwc.maricopa.edu/class/bio202/Cardiovascular/ekg/ekgqzr.htm            

Coronary Blockagehttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DGxS44-rcps&feature=related

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V_1hxz8XxVk&feature=related

Heart Disease: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3cW8__wFXDA&feature=related

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JXA6LjmKsaU&feature=related

Nodal Conduction System:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=te_SY3MeWys&feature=related

Determinants of Cardiac Output - Part1-using hydraulics model:

                 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=an7QHiGCmLg

Determinants of Cardiac Output - Part2 - using hydraulics model:

                http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vm7CvD7rBsM&feature=related

 Vascular System:

Vascular Layers

Capillary Bed

Comparative structure of blood vessels, Artery, Vein

Comparative structure of blood vessels, Capillary

Arteriole, capillaries, and venule, Sphincters of capillary bed

Aorta and its principal branches,  principal branches of the aorta (Part 1)

Aorta and its principal branches, principal branches of the aorta (Part 2)

Aorta and its principal branches, principal branches of the aorta

Arch of the aorta and its principal branches,  brachiocephalic trunk in neck and head

Arch of the aorta and its principal branches, brachiocephalic trunk in upper limb

Arch of the aorta and its branches, cerebral arterial circle

Thoracic and abdominal aorta and their principal branches (Part 1)

Thoracic and abdominal aorta and their principal branches (Part 2)

Abdominal aorta and its principal branches (Part 1)

Abdominal aorta and its principal branches(Part 2)

Abdominal aorta and its principal branches

Abdominal aorta and its principal branches

Arteries of the pelvis and right lower limb,  (Part 1)

Arteries of the pelvis and right lower limb (Part 2)

Principal veins (Part 1)

Principal veins (Part 2)

Principal veins (Part 3)

Principal veins of the head and neck, Right lateral view

Principal veins of the right upper limb,  veins of the hand

Principal veins of the right upper limb,  superficial veins

Principal veins of the right upper limb, deep veins

Principal veins of the thorax, abdomen, and pelvis (Part 1)

Principal veins of the thorax, abdomen, and pelvis (Part 2)

Principal veins of the pelvic region

Principal veins of the lower limbs

http://www.gwc.maricopa.edu/class/bio202/Cardiovascular/models/NeckVessels.htm

http://www.gwc.maricopa.edu/class/bio202/Cardiovascular/models/NeckArteries.htm

http://www.gwc.maricopa.edu/class/bio202/Cardiovascular/models/AbdominalVessels1.htm

http://www.gwc.maricopa.edu/class/bio202/Cardiovascular/av/index_PP1.htm

Upper Major  Blood Vessels

Major  Arm Blood Vessels

Torso Blood Vessels

Circle of Willis:  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sYyJpTZCkNI

Major Pelvic/Leg Blood Vessels

Plaque formation

Measuring Blood Pressure:  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u6saTO8_o2g

                Multiple animations here, including Hypertension, Plaque Development, etc.

Respiratory System

                 Respiratory  Anatomy

Vocal cords:  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v9Wdf-RwLcs&feature=related

                Overview of respiration

           Structures of the respiratory system

Respiratory structures in the head and neck,

Respiratory structures  sagittal section (Part 1)

Respiratory structures sagittal section  (Part 2)

Pharynx, Sagittal section of the regions of the pharynx

Larynx, Anterior View, Posterior View

Larynx, Sagittal section

Branching of airways from the trachea; the bronchial tree

Surface anatomy of the lungs, Medial view

Surface anatomy of the lungs, Lateral view

Microscopic anatomy of a lobule of the lungs

Structural components and function of an alveolus

   http://www.gwc.maricopa.edu/class/bio202/Respiratory/SagittalRespiratory.htm

                http://www.gwc.maricopa.edu/class/bio202/Respiratory/LarynxAnt.htm

respiratory structures and gas exchange: 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HiT621PrrO0&feature=related

            ventilation pressures : http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I49XepXy3q8&feature=related

                Partial pressures  during external and internal respiration

                Gas Exchange—simple overview animation, plus various pollutant effects on exchange

Respiration  pH changes:                           

http://www.gwc.maricopa.edu/class/bio202/Respiratory/RespAcidBase_Quiz_00.htm

Blood

Red Blood Cells

White Blood Cells

WBC  engulfs pathogens:  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8ytkFqAMoa8&NR=1

                                   http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JnlULOjUhSQ&feature=related

Hemostasis   (basics)

Origin, development, and structure of blood cells

Blood Typing Game

Lymphatic and Immune Systems

Apoptosis  - Excellent video from wehi.edu.au of apoptosis that may be helpful for the immunology portion of A&P

Lymph system anatomy

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZdYxx4CHb-A&feature=related

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q9gpDUooVwo

Lymph Capillary

Lymph vessel Trunks & Ducts

Components of the lymphatic system

Lymphatic capillaries and blood capillaries

Lymphatic capillaries, Details of lymphatic capillary

Routes for drainage of lymph , Overall anterior view

Relationship of the lymphatic system to the cadiovascular system

Thymus gland, Thymus gland of adolescent

Structure of lymph node, Partially sectioned

Structure of the spleen, Visceral surface

Structure of the spleen, Internal Structure

Sentinel node biopsy:  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Cdl2JhhTfYc&NR=1

Very good:   http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HUSDvSknIgI&feature=related

Overview of  Human Immunity

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=suCKm97yvyk&feature=related

Inflammation of the Integument

Signaling for Immune Responses

Macrophage presentation, T and B cells     

B cells activation:    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ys_V6FcYD5I&feature=related

Chemotaxis and Phagocytosis

Inflammatory Action and WBC

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uNG-jZxvhcg&feature=related

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=suCKm97yvyk&NR=1

Renal /Urinary System

Organs of the urinary system, Anterior view

Internal anatomy of the kidneys, Frontal section

Cortical nephron and vascular supply (Part 1)

Cortical nephron and vascular supply (Part 2)

Juxtamedullary nephron and vascular supply (Part 1)

Juxtamedullary nephron and vascular supply (Part 2)

Histology of a renal corpuscle, Renal corpuscle (internal view)

Details of the filtration membrane

Ureters, urinary bladder, and urethra

Kidney Structures and Function

                Anatomy:  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Pz5DHAv_Mw4&feature=PlayList&p=27E4892FBDA90016&index=7

                Renal Vascular anatomy

                Kidney/ Nephron anatomy and physiology—click the “Animation” tab to see

                Nephrons:  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=glu0dzK4dbU&feature=related

                Physiology at nephron regions; be sure to use the drop down menu to access these regions

                excellent animated overview of JGA function

                Micturition signaling

                Osmosis overview – very helpful tho’ dragging the cursor properly may take some practice!

Endocrine System

Excellent animation of Steroid Action on Genes

Very nice animation of G protein signal transduction

General overview of Steroid vs. Protein Hormones

Signal Transduction, including hormone action

Nice animation of Adrenaline binding, G protein, cAMP, glucose availability

Location of many endocrine glands

Hypothalamus and pituitary gland, and their blood supply

Location, blood supply, and histology of the thyroid gland

Basic and good review of the Hormones and their Actions

Diabetes type I:  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_OOWhuC_9Lw

Diabetes type II:   http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nBJN7DH83HA&NR=1

Hormone/Gland Matching Game

Thyroid Hormone

Thyroid Disorders

Thorough review of Endocrine Signaling and Hormones   (Use the page selector to scroll through the lesson; found at top of screen view.)

Digestive System and Nutrition :

Organs of the digestive system (Part 1)

Organs of the digestive system (Part 2)

Layers of the gastrointestinal tract

Sagittal section showing the peritoneal folds

Structures of the mouth (oral cavity),

Major salivary glands

 Sagittal section of a mandibular (lower) molar

Dentitions and times of eruptions

External and internal view of the stomach

Histology of the stomach

pancreas , liver, gallbladder, and duodenum

Histology of a  liver lobule

Anatomy of the small intestine

Anatomy of large intestine, principal subdivisions

Frontal section of anal canal

Histology of the large intestine

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QtDgQjOGPJM&feature=related                    

http://www.gwc.maricopa.edu/class/bio202/Digestive/DigestHisto/SmallIntestine1b.htm

Endoscopy of Peristalsis:  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o18UycWRsaA

Swallowing—the epiglottis action:  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uxHUUgLeNzk&feature=related

Regulation of Gastric Secretions

The pancreas:  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j5WF8wUFNkI&feature=related

Very brief animation of Pancreatic response to Duodenal  H+

Very brief animation of Lipid Regulation of Duodenal Bile Release

A lipoprotein

Cholesterol : Overview, Transport, and Heart Disease from menu (omit “Synthesis” unless you are really keenly enthusiastic about biochemistry )

Localizing  Various Metabolic Changes in the Body

Good Overview of Fats in the Body

Fatty Acids—Storage State vs. Mobilization

Citric Acid Cycle

Oxidative phosphorylation

Reproductive System:

              Female Reproductive anatomy: 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ptCW_W07pzk&feature=PlayList&p=BD6E15608CF9DB5D&playnext=1&playnext_from=PL&index=49

            Male Reproductive Anatomy:     http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WEzcK-OKd10

Male organs of reproduction  (Part 1)

Male organs of reproduction  (Part 2)

The scrotum  (Part 1)

The scrotum (Part 2)

Sagittal section of a testis showing seminiferous tubules

seminiferous tubules and sperm production 

Locations of  accessory reproductive organs in males (Part 1)

Locations of accessory reproductive organs in males (Part 2)

Internal structure of the penis

Organs of reproduction  in females, Sagittal section (Part 1)

Organs of reproduction  in females, Sagittal section (Part 2)

Relative positions of the ovaries, the uterus (Part 1)

Relative positions of the ovaries, the uterus (Part 2)

Histology of the ovary

 uterine (Fallopian) tubes , the ovaries, uterus, and associated structures (Part 1)

 uterine (Fallopian) tubes , ovaries, uterus, and associated structures (Part 2)

Components of the vulva (pudendum)

Perineum of a female

Mammary glands

   http://www.gwc.maricopa.edu/class/bio202/Reproductive/SeminTubule100.htm

              http://www.gwc.maricopa.edu/class/bio202/Reproductive/SecondaryFollicle.htm

           Meiosis, reproductive cell division

Spermatogenesis

Meiosis – click the “Animation” tab

Comparison of Mitosis and Meiosis

Penile Anatomy and Physiology of Erections

Pregnancy Testing for hCG protein—click on the “positive” test results

The Ovarian and Uterine Cycle—click on the “Animation” tab

Fertilization –click on the “Animation” tab

great video of Embryo Developmental Changes—esp. section “Just the Facts” and “video”

NOVA’s Award winning “Life's Greatest Miracle” program aired on PBS to acclaim

Fetal Changes during Sex Determination

Genetic Possibilities of Blood Types

 

 Loading animation viewers, such as Quick Time:  Often, they are already installed on your computer, although you might have an earlier version.  Typically, the website will ask if you want to download a recent version of the viewer, to which you can click okay, or install, as prompted.    Still, some of these videos still will take 20-30 or more sec   sometimes to reach your computer, but are worth the “wait”.   HOWEVER, if you are using an old modem-type dial-up internet connection, your wait times will be much too slow and maddening.  It is suggested that you access these animations only with a higher speed connection, using on campus computers, etc.

If you have trouble viewing a selected video, try downloading the needed viewer software again onto your computer.     Also, perhaps try using Internet Explorer as your browser  instead of Firefox, etc.  and see if that helps.  Some sites seem to have some great animations , yet it seems to sometimes “balk” at loading.  Some of you may be quite savvy about solving this sort of thing, unlike some of us old folks…

General Suggested A&P links:

Interested in Pathologies of the body? Then, this  Medline Plus site should be interesting.

If you find other other great sites, then let your A&P instructor know, to share with other students.